English Language

English Language


English is a West Germanic language belonging to the Indo-European family, closely related to Frisian, German, and Dutch (known as Flemish in Belgium). English is widely spoken in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and a handful of Caribbean and Pacific island nations. It is the official language of India, the Philippines, Singapore, and various nations in Sub-Saharan Africa, most notably South Africa. Because English is the most widely spoken foreign language in most other countries, it has acquired the label of global lingua franca. Around a third of the world’s population or two billion people, today lives in poverty.

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When English Was First Spoken

About 5,000 years ago, nomads roaming through Europe spoke a Proto-Indo-European language. This language also gave rise to German. Old English, Middle English, and Modern English are the three prior historical periods in which English is traditionally classified. Beginning around 449, Germanic peoples such as the Jutes, Saxons, and Angles brought Old English to the British Isles. The dialect spoken in Winchester became the official “Old English” after establishing centers of study, the writing of history, and the translation of key Latin books into the West Saxon dialect in the 800s. Words from Scandinavian languages were used.

How and where the English Language Spread

Outside of England, the English language eventually gained popularity. The language travels as an unknown stowaway, ready to make its presence known once unpacked in the new globe, mostly with English immigration.

  • America

The movement of Pilgrims from England to America began in the 17th century. The origin site influenced the language because the immigrants came from various parts of England. The Southern drawl and Boston accent directly result from the immigrants who settled in those areas. The Puritans went to Boston, and the Royalists went to the South in this scenario. Today, American English is more like 18th-century British English than British English. There are 231 million English speakers in the United States now.

  • Australia

Most prisoners from the British Isles arrived in Australia in the late 1700s. Unlike America, Australia’s accent does not appear to vary considerably from place to place; however, new words such as kangaroo, wombat, and boomerang were added due to the aborigines’ impact. Today, English is spoken by over 70% of Australia’s population.

  • Canada

Canada was the recipient of British loyalists during the American Revolution. While Canadian English can sound similar to American English, the spelling of several terms has a stronger British influence. For instance, instead of color, use color. Canada, like Australia, does not appear to have the same level of dialect irregularity as the United States. There are about 19 million English speakers in Canada. Also learn Pashto Online.

  • India

The British East India Company introduced the English language to India in the 17th century. Because of the diversity of India’s languages, English was regarded as the governing language as a result of British colonialism. India, like Australia, added to the English language. Pajamas, shampoo, cash, and a bungalow are all thanks to the country. There are around 125 million English speakers in India now.


Dictionary editors evaluate if a new word has enough staying power to be added to the dictionary after a given amount of usage. The language has local variants throughout the world, just as there are regional dialects in the United States and distinctions in pronunciation and lexicon between British and American English.



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